To design a poster for a movie or to create a billboard are one of the challenges that professionals from the cinematographic world or the experts in design and graphic arts has to take on: to seduce his audience.

As a good creative process and design, many different elements are involved on its composition: colouring, contrast, light, reason, message… We must thoroughly appraise a certain number of characteristics to design a 100% captivating movie poster. We’ll see ten tips or elements to consider when we design a poster or a billboard for a movie throughout this article.

We can find countless cinematographic types and styles throughout the history of cinema. But we can assure that there’s a drastic division: movies that makes history, cult movies and those that are unnoticed. Some big projects from the film world have not had the expected success or they have remained in the limbo of anonymity because they have failed to catch the attention of their public, to awake the  interest of their audience, to call to action to their potential viewers. That’s the main function of a good movie poster or a well designed billboard: to spread a message and to seduce their receivers through beauty and creativity.

The first impression is what it counts, so it’s better for you to not need a second chance.

Having said that, let’s see ten crucial elements to consider in designing a professional and promising movie poster:

 

Captures the subject of the film. Motivates the viewer.

There’s something essential when it comes to design movie posters and that’s to find the proper focus or motif. We must find the most appropriate way to faithfully represent  the essence of the movie, considering the particular approach that we want and always considering the wishes of the audience that it’s intended. We can choose between different motives, either the main theme, the story, its characters or even the actor if he’s well-known or if he is loved for the public.

The motifs of the cinema listings is where the designer has a better margin to create, attract and to give a good reason to go to see the movie to those who are looking at it.

The use of the iconography it’s very useful when we want to incise to the motif of the poster to represent the movie. Somewhat minimalist. The iconography used to create movie listings, it captures us in just one symbol and with a simple image but at the same time it gives us a huge visual impact and captures the essence of the movie.

 

Poster of the movie Gravity where the main motif it’s a weightless astronaut floating in the space which it seems to be an effect of an explosion.

 

As we see, the main motif of the movie poster of Untold Story it’s a man projecting the form of a spider, a clear reference to Spiderman. A postert that they knew how to capture a darker image of a modern Spiderman, completly different from the typical poster of silver letters and a man with a blue and red tights.

On this poster of the movie The Imitation Game the main motif it’s without any doubt, him, Benedict Cumberbatch, one of the most famous actors in the recent times. They used his charismatic image as the main motif of the poster to attract his audience. How Sherlock will do it on this movie? To appeal the image of the actor it’s always a good decoy for the design of a movie poster. Moreover, in the poster of The Imitation Game we can also see that there’s a subtile reference to coding thanks to the distribution of the letters, that it’s the main theme of the movie.

 

It sends a clear communicative message.

A well designed movie poster or an effective billboard must be able to inform and to entertain at the same time. The function of a movie poster is to connect with the audience that it’s intended, to draw their attention, but especially it has to capture the essence of the film. The future viewer has to decide in a couple of seconds if it’s of his/her interest or not. The design of the movie poster must to show a clear and easy message for the audience that it’s intended.

This is the job of the poster designer. To know what he/she wants to communicate and to transmitted it through the image, colors and forms. Just as there are different types of film, there’s also different types of  message. Even a same movie could transmit different messages depending on the design that we’ll use for its billboard.

 

 This poster it’s a good example of a clear message and an effective decoy. The message of the second part of The Last Exorcism does not lead to any doubt, a terror movie about exorcisms. An effective movie poster that will attract to those who appreciate this genre, and even more, to those who loves the first part of the movie.

 

Inglourious Basterds (poster)

The movie poster of Inglourious Basterds it also shows a clear message. A baseball bat holding a nazi helmet in a suggestive way. They could have used the decoy of its protagonist, Brad Pitt, like we saw in other movie posters, but in this case they have chosen a simple motif and a communicative message. The name of Tarantino had to appear on this movie poster. Is there any better decoy than his name?

 

In the billboard of the movie UP by Pixar they also send a clear message. A grandpa, a kid, a dog and a flying house attached to balloons. There is no doubt. Adventures, entertainment and a movie for the whole family.

 

Create a design that will make your movie poster unique

We’ll pay attention to the different key elements when we’ll start to design the poster. At this stage is where we have to faithfully capture the essence  of the movie. We must to transmit sensations, to arouse interest and to intrigue the audience.

The color is one of the main elements to consider. Colorful? White and black? Chromatic? Based on the contrast? We have to choose. The same personality of the movie will help us with the poster design. We don’t use the same composition in a billboard of a drama than a billboard of a comedy. The color of the poster transmits immediate sensations. Seriousness, passion, calm, intrigue, fun, fear…

The designer must know the implicit psychology of each color and he/she has to know how to apply it according to what he/she wants to transmit.

We must to study the psychology of each color and also the predominant themes in the movie to strike home.

On the other side, the contrast is also a great ally in the design of the movie poster. At the same time, the collision of the colors along with the easiness and simplicity that transmite do not leave anyone indifferent. Through the contrast we can intensify a lot the message of the movie along with the different light variations.

Continuing with the phase of the movie poster design, we arrive into the phase where we’ll choose its composition. We’ll decide what will appear on the image of the billboard and what not. Creativity and easiness. A lot of times, more is less, and we can achieve the interest of the viewers with something subtle or iconic, instead of using something complicated. Sometimes complexity can end up beign incomprehensible.

The composition of the poster is completely related with the motif and the message of the movie or with the ambitions of the filmmaker or the graphic designer, depending on who has the last word on the project.

And finally the details. The cherry of the cake. The small things of life are more determinants that what it seems at first sight and the details of the design of the movie poster too. In the details is where the designer can play with some references of the movie or he/she can improve the central motif of the design or even give it a better finish. It’s essential to know if we want a detailed work or contrary we want to create something a little more minimalist. In many occasions, more than the designer it’s the movie itself who decides.

 

The movie poster of Big Fish it’s a perfect design for this Tim Burton’s delusional fantasy film. Playing with vivid colors, a beautiful landscape, the central motif of a man and a great typography for its trees. An striking, creative and original design.

 

The design of the movie poster of World War Z is a good example of contrast and a central motif, a billboard that certifies the beauty of simplicity. The white and black poster with the highlighted red Z demonstrates drama and a certain point of tension and aggressiveness. The mountain of zombies trying to catch the helicopter leaves no doubt about the post apocalyptic world that shows the film.

 

An attractive poster design of the movie 127 hours. The main motif of the rock-climber with a great chromatic game between the blue graduation of the sky and the orange brown tones of the mountains and the lower sky. The perspective focused towards the center, into the climber, denotes the risk of the image. A shocking design with a message that arouses interest.

 

Make a coherent and faithful design to the movie.

A fundamental thing in the design of any cinema listings. The motif of the poster, the message to be transmitted, its design and the movie, must to dance the same music and to follow the same compass. The coherence takes care of the colors and the light of the design to fit the climate of the movie. It determines that the focusing of the designer and the message conveyed is relevant for the audience and it’s related to the plot of the film. The coherence of the design grants to the movie poster the same pulchritude of a puzzle where all the pieces fits with naturalness and wit.

A perfect sample of coherence is the design of the movie poster of Intouchables where you can see the two main characters showing complicity but at the same time  it shows a clear difference between them. To appeal the rational part, that is the subject of the film, without much more sophistication, is always a good technique.

 

The great communicative value of a good typography

The fond used for any kind of text it has more importance than we might think at first. The design of the letters, together with the other elements, it has the ability to significantly influence the whole atmosphere of the advertising design. For example, a rounded calligraphy is more suitable for love films or fantasy films, while a pointed and a twisted text is perfect for a thriller or a scary movie.
A technique that is present in many billboards that has been successful is the technique to combine diverse typographies. A technique that offers creativity to the message and it also gives it a disruptive and very characteristic aspect.

 

The movie poster of Whiplash. We can see that through diverse typographies and different sizes and colors they send us diverse messages. Actually there’s more letter than image but is disposed in a way that the poster looks really attractive. Through the words you can feel the sentiment that the designer wants to transmit.

 

On the movie poster of Nebraska they chose to use different typographies and diverse colors for every message.

 

Dedication: Multiples revisions. Interlude and peripherical vision. Improvement.

To design a movie poster it’s something you can not do with in an afternoon or either in only one day and maybe even not in a week. Although it’s important to have knowledge on the subject it’s also important to be tenacious and persuasive. We must check and retouch the design of the poster until we are satisfied. The perfection is nearly impossible to achieve but a great dose of dedication assures us, at least, an acceptable level of quality.

But we also must not get stressed. Sometimes we make a job that it doesn’t convince us despite the hours that we have invested on it, but on the next day we watch our piece with another light and the inspiration invades us. A good designer should have a peripherical vision to capture an abstract essence or to change the motif of the design if there’s a better option.

There are no magic formulas but hard work and the passion you put on it ends up to giving a good result.

 

Movie posters such Inception takes a lot of time and will. Designs where you need to have an idea but also where you need to know how to express it.

 

Be creative and give a personal touch to your design.

Through your creative ability is how you can impregnate your style to the image of the movie. It’s up to you which motif, composition, design and message you are going to use. The creativity is the most valuable ability in the job of any project, and it’s even more important if it’s about a movie poster. The creativity allows us to play with the implicit message of the image in an endless possibilities. We have to connect concepts in a subtle way and with that we have to be able to glimpse something about the movie. We must to use the information of the movie to apply it into a characteristic design.

Thanks to your creativity you’ll be able to make a unique design and you’ll be able to differentiate your ad from any other common design . We must never forget that the impact of the movie poster is psychological, and therefore, we can fully influence it on it, so don’t be afraid of abusing your imagination.

 

On the movie poster of Little Miss Sunshine they decided to use a topographical creative design in different sizes along with the vintage style of the whole poster, including all the faces of the characters in a horizontal strip.

 

On the movie poster of Black Swan they let free their creativity by capturing the fragility and the fineness of beauty in the porcelain chapped skin of the Natalie Portman’s face. It’s a very striking poster and a clear example of creativity and seduction.

 

Once again, an example of a good idea is the movie poster of The Imitation Game. The image is the same as the slogan. The man is behind the code, that in this case is the title of the movie. They are simple ideas but they have amazing results.

 

The movie poster must be an incentive to fulfill its role: To attract.

It’s easy to get lost in a creative sea of ideas, atractive designs and multiple possibilities. But we must not forget the main objective: to advertise the movie, to provide a message and to reach the viewer outside of the screen.

For this is important to wake up that latent motivation that will boost the potential viewer  to go to the cinema. Many times, that stimulation plays a huge role on the general framework of the film genre, for example a new terror movie or a new animation movie for kids. But we must not stop here. That’s when we’ll wake up their interest. It’s when the famous AIDA formula appears in the publicity.

 

This movie poster is inescapable for the fans of Batman, the movie poster of The Dark Knight.

 

Angelina Jolie is already refreshing itself, but she’s even more refreshing if in the design of the poster it shows the fictional character that she plays. A new facet for the actress and for Disney that they knew how to capture it in a very iconic way. It’s also a perfect example of iconography.

 

 

Funny things are more likeable

From the cinema to the publicity. Ogilvy, the great commercial master, confirms that the more likeable the things are, the more they sell it. A creative design along with a graceful touch it is more likely to penetrate inside the consumer. A wit that helps to awaken a slight smile in a person, many times as a result of a subtle and known reference, and other times as a result of a little dose of black humor.

 

 

The advantage of the art over the science

To design a movie poster or a movie billboard in a attractively, creative and professional way it’s a matter of art and not a matter of science, and therefore, we can’t establish a magical formula to get the perfect result. But without any doubt, it is also a remarkable advantage since it allows you to experience, to let go your imagination and creativity and to find that design that will leave the audience open-mouthed.

And people says… that an image is worth a thousand words, so create a design that will not leave no one indifferent. Catch their attention, arouse their interest, enliven their wish and call them with an unique and witty film design. If you run into any problems to complete your design in a successful way, I can help. I recommend you to take a look at the packages I’ve created especially for movie posters. Good luck with your project!

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